Man continues to disturb the natural environment drastically and at an increasingly devastating rate. At the present rate of destruction the tropical rain forests of the world would become an antique in the next century. According to Curry—Linda (1979) of the 891 threatened species or sub species of vertebrate animals, all are endangered by habitat destruction and/or over consumption. Zoos are an ideal set up to breed such endangered animals in an organized manner and train them to lie in their natural habitats successfully. All care could be taken in a zoo to avoid congenital problems emerging out of inbreeding. However, it would essential to isolate such animals from the exhibits and retain them in near natural habitat. They shall be trained to search for their food and keep away from their enemies. The Central Zoo Authority has identified this zoo to breed Gaur, Lion-tailed macaque and Elephants.
Captive Breeding Successes.
The Mysore Zoo over the years has successfully bred wild animals in captivity. However, our experiences of successful breeding and subsequent dwindling is presented here as a record below. Much support (including financial) is needed to make this successful on an ongoing basis. Many reasons have been attributed for dwindling wildlife population or lost completely in The Mysore Zoo. The main reasons could be infighting, trauma, senility, snake bite, stress, etc. There are several examples to show that though Mysore Zoo is one of the leading zoos in the country having 117 years of its history, and has bred more than 150 species could not conserve species and achieve the desired results, despite doing very well to build the population to the optimum level.
- African Rhinos: Mysore Zoo has recorded 9 to 10 births in captivity and at present we have left with only individual specie. Distribution of young ones to other zoos, besides carrying Pulmonary Tuberculosis and absence of compatible pairs has resulted in dwindle the population. Ideal climate, good housing facilities, expertise have contributed for successful breeding in the beginning.
- Chimpanzees: Mysore Zoo had a very good Ape enclosure and ideal group contributed for successful breeding of chimpanzees. But after loss of a particular breeding pair, i.e., Anjali and Maxf breeding has come to a halt. But despite having pairs of six (6) chimps breeding hasn’t taken place even after a gap of more than 20 years.
- Penguins: For the first time in India we were proud to display the Humboldt Penguins of Tropical region. We had successfully reared 3 Penguins for almost 4 years and all died accidentally.
- Kangaroos: Though we could procure Red Kangaroos on two occasions from Australia and America, after 1985, both the groups dead. They led to accidental deaths, two of them died due to snake bite, one died accidentally after injuring its leg to the water pipe, and one died by injuring after falling tile of the roof on its head. Even earlier we have housed and successfully bred Kangaroos.
- Tapirs: South American Tapirs have been successfully reared and bred. We had housed more than 10 Tapirs. While shifting from the old Camel enclosure to the existing enclosure, we have lost 4 Nos. two were Pregnant and there afterwards we have even sent to Thiruvananthapuram and Assam. Recently we have lost two animals due to accidental deaths. Now we have left with only two Nos. with little hopes of breeding.
- Zebra: Mysore Zoo had housed and bred Grant Zebras successfully, earlier and after loosing the group, there were no Zebras for quite some time. During 1984 we have added two Zebras and they have not bred so far.
- Black Swans: During 1984, three Black swans were received from Delhi Zoo. The group did very well to breed and gradually it has swollen up to 19 Nos. The Zoo has started exchanging Black Swans to other Zoos, and thereby the breeding pair was disturbed. The breeding has come to halt and about 8 birds have been left and a male is required to join the 8 females.
- Orangutans: A pair of Orangutan was brought from Germany. The female was paralyzed and put on weight. But after several years the female conceived and it has delivered a young baby. Both Male and Female played with the newly born young one throwing like ball and ultimately died. It was a record and it is very rare thing to breed in captivity. Ultimately both have died after some years.
- Hunting Cheetah: A pair of Hunting Cheetah was brought from Canada and it was fed with live Chicken as it was fed only live animals at Canada. Both died after a couple of years.
- Ostrich: wMysoi?Zoo had housedarparrrgBsgichrforr several years aaaomgaing has taken place. We had the opportunity of procuring 4 Birds from Israel Zoo, but the Central Zoo Authority has not given approval. Now attempts are being made to procure from Madras Veterinary College.
- Rheas: Mysore Zoo has bred Rheas successfully but we have lost the entire population due to snake bite and accidents. We are making efforts to procure Rheas.
- Macaws: Macaws have been successfully reared and bred and the population dwindled.
- Great Indian Rhinos: Great Indian Rhinos have been reared and bred successfully and we had maintained the population for several years. Totally we had 5 Rhinos in the past, and even distributed to other Zoos. Gradually we have lost without proper pair, ultimately we had left with a female and though we have succeeded in procuring a male, the female attacked the male and succumbed to death. Now we are making attempts to procure the Rhinos.
- Mandril: Mandrills were bred successfully and we had four of them, 3 died thus leaving only one in the stock.
- Marmoset: With one pair of Marmoset, we could be able to breed but the young one did not survive, later the female also died. We are having only one in the stock for display.
- Wallaby: With 1:2 Agile Wallabies gifted from Munich Zoo of Germany. The stock of this animal increased to 9 in this Zoo after successful breeding. But unfortunately we have lost some of the animals due to snake bite and left with only one with us.
- Antelope, American Bison: Even in case of the above animals Mysore Zoo has successfully bred and we have lost the population gradually.